Thummim

   Perfection (LXX., "truth;" Vulg., "veritas"), Ex. 28:30; Deut. 33:8; Judg. 1:1; 20:18; 1 Sam. 14:3, 18; 23:9; 2 Sam. 21:1. What the "Urim and Thummim" were cannot be determined with any certainty. All we certainly know is that they were a certain divinely-given means by which God imparted, through the high priest, direction and counsel to Israel when these were needed. The method by which this was done can be only a matter of mere conjecture. They were apparently material objects, quite distinct from the breastplate, but something added to it after all the stones had been set in it, something in addition to the breastplate and its jewels. They may have been, as some suppose, two small images, like the teraphim (comp. Judg. 17:5; 18:14, 17, 20; Hos. 3:4), which were kept in the bag of the breastplate, by which, in some unknown way, the high priest could give forth his divinely imparted decision when consulted. They were probably lost at the destruction of the temple by Nebuchadnezzar. They were never seen after the return from captivity.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thummim — Thummim, s. Urim und Thummim …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thummim — [thum′im] n. 〚Heb tummīm, pl. of tōm, perfection〛 see URIM AND THUMMIM * * * …   Universalium

  • Thummim — [thum′im] n. [Heb tummīm, pl. of tōm, perfection] see URIM AND THUMMIM …   English World dictionary

  • Thummim — Thum mim, n. pl. [Heb., pl. of th[=o]m perfection.] A mysterious part or decoration of the breastplate of the Jewish high priest. See the note under {Urim}. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Thummim — (jüd. Alterth), s.u. Urim …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Thummim — (Tummim), s. Urim und Tummim …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • THUMMIM — vide infra Urim …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Thummim — Devices to ascertain the will of God. Urim and Thummim were consulted by the chief priest (Num. 27:21; 1 Sam. 14:41; 28:6), but they fell into disuse. They were worn in a pouch on the ephod garment (Exod. 28:30) …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Thummim —   n. one of the sacred instruments (Urim and Thummim) of ancient Jews, worn by high priest in breastplate in some ceremonies …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • Thummim — …   Useful english dictionary

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